Huguenot Society of South Africa
TIME LINE FOR THE HUGUENOTS 
Click on links below for further information

31 October 1517              Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses on the door of the All Saint’s church in Wittenberg, Germany 

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Autumn 1533                    John Calvin experienced a religious conversion which he portrays as a sudden change of mind, brought about by God

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1533                                      John Calvin flees Paris after he supported the rector of the College Royal with his speech

1534                                       After the Affaire des Placards  (protest against the Roman Catholic Mass) Calvin flees to Genève 

                                               .The Affair of the Placards () was an incident in which anti-Catholic posters appeared in public plac

29 January 1536                Followers of this new Protestantism were soon accused of heresy against the Catholic government and the established religion of France, and a General Edict urging extermination of the Huguenots was issued

1536                                       John Calvin published his Institutio Christianae Religionis  (The Institutes of the Christian Religion)

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1545                                       The Massacre of Merindol took place when Francis I of France ordered the Waldensians of the city of Mérindol to be punished for dissident religious activities.

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1555                                       The first Huguenot congregation is established in a Parisian house and the teaching of Johan Calvin were followed 

25 May 1559                       The first synod meeting of the French Reformed Church were held in Paris 

28 January1561                 Edict of Orléans is proclaimed to stop the prosecution of the Huguenots

17 January 1562                The Edict of Saint-Germain is promulgated and ensured limited tolerance of the Huguenots

1 March 1562                     Many Huguenots were attacked and murdered at Vassy (Wassy-sur-Blaise in Champagne) and this is the start of the Wars of Religion (see also here)

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19 March 1563                  Peace of Ambois ends the First War of Religion

September 1567               Start of the Second War of Religion 

March 1568                         The Second War of Religion ends with the Peace of Longjumeau

Summer 1568                    Start of the Third War of Religion

8 August 1570                    Signing of the Peace of St Germain-en-Laye where De Coligny negotiated the right that two cities per province have the freedom to practice their religion and granting the Huguenots control of four fortified cities. 

23/4 August 1572            St Bartholomew's Day Massacre when thousands of Huguenots were murdered

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6 July 1573                           Fourth War of Religion ends with Peace of La Rochelle and the Edict of Boulogne

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23 February 1574              Start of the Fifth War of Religion

May 1576                             The Fifth War of Religion ends with the signing of the Edict of Beaulieu and the Peace of Monsieur

December 1576                 Start of the Sixth War of Religion

September 1577               The Sixth War of Religion ends with the Treaty of Bergerac and the Edict of Poitiers

November 1579                Start of the Seventh War of Religion

November 1580                The Seventh War of Religion ends with the Treaty of Fleix

31 December 1584           Signing of the Treaty of Joinville

1585                                       The start of the Eighth War of Religion (The War of the Three Henry’s)

April 1598                            The Eight War of Religion ends with the Treaty of Vervins

13 April 1598                       Signing of the Edict of Nantes where freedom of religion was given to the Huguenots and they also received equal rights to the Catholics 

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1621-1622                            The Ninth War of Religion

1625-1629                            The Tenth war of Religion

1629                                       The Merciful Edict of Nimes gave the Huguenots a certain right of existence but their political power was permanently removed.

6 April 1652                         Maria de la Quellerie arrived at the Cape of Good Hope as the first Huguenot. See here a list of Huguenots who came to South Africa, further notes on them, as well as passenger's lists

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October 1671                    Francois Villion arrived at the Cape as the first Huguenot refugee

1685                                       Jean le Long arrived at the Cape

22 October 1685               Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes and declared Protestantism illegal with the promulgation of the Edict of Fontainebleau

June/July 1686                  Francois and Guillaume du Toit arrived in the Cape on board of the De Vrijheid

31 December 1687           The Voorschoten departs from Delftshaven, Zeeland

6 January 1688                   The Borssenburg departs from Texel

3 February 1688                The Oosterlandt departs from Goree

19 February 1688              The Schelde departs to Table Bay

20 March 1688                   The Berg China departs from Rotterdam

13 April 1688                       The Voorschoten arrives in Saldanha Bay, the first ship with Huguenots on board as part of the official colonialisation of the Cape by French 

22 April 1688                       The Zuid-Beveland departs for Table Bay

25 April 1688                       The Oosterlandt arrives in Table Bay

26 April 1688                       The Voorschoten’s passengers arrived on board of the Jupiter in Table Bay 

12 May 1688                       The Borssenburg arrives in Table Bay

5 June 1688                         The Schelde arrives in Table Bay

27 July 1688                        The Wapen van Alkmaar departs from Texel

4 August 1688                    The Berg China arrives in Table Bay

19 August 1688                  The Zuid-Beveland arrives in Table Bay

9 January 1689                   The Zion departs for Table Bay

27 January 1689                The Wapen van Alkmaar arrives in Table Bay

6 May 1689                         The Zion arrives in Table Bay

25 May 1689                       The Drie Bergen departs for Table Bay

April 1696                            The Vosmaer departs from Holland

October 1696                     The Vosmaer arrives in Table Bay

16 June 1699                      The Westhoven arrives in Table Bay

20 July 1699                        The Donkervliet arrives in Table Bay

2 May 1700                         The Reigersdaal departs from Goree

22 August 1700                  The Reigersdaal arrived in Table Bay

1710                                       Pierre Labuschagne comes to South Africa on board of the Verburg

1717                                       Anna Maria Bacat comes to South Africa

1718                                       Jacques Naude comes to South Africa on board of the Abbekerk

1723                                       Jean Blignaut comes to South Africa on board of the Huis ten Assenburg

1726                                       Francois Guilliaume comes to South Africa on board of the Berbice

28 November 1787          The Edict of Tolerance/ Edict of Versailles is declared which partly restored the rights of the Huguenots

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14 July 1789                        Storming of the Bastille – this is part of the French Revolution and is not related to the French Huguenots fleeing of France 

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1874                                       The Hugenote Seminarie (later Hugenote Kollege) is started in Wellington 

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1 February 1882                The Gedenkschool der Hugenoten is opened in Dal Josafat 

1940                                       The Hoërskool Hugenote in Springs is opened

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17 April 1948                       Inauguration of the Huguenot Monument in Franschhoek. The decision to build the monument in Franschhoek was a compromise between Paarl, Stellenbosch and Franschhoek.  Paarl and Stellenbosch each got their own memorial: the Taalmuseum in Paarl and the frieze above the entrance of the Stellenbosch City Hall to commemorate the arrival of the Huguenots

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12 March 1953                   The Huguenot Society of South Africa is founded

1954                                       The Hugenote Hoërskool and the Hugenote Laerskool in Wellington is founded

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11 March 1967                   The Huguenot Memorial Museum in Franschhoek is inaugurated by State President CR Swart 

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1987                                       The Huguenot Memorial is erected in the Johannesburg Botanical Gardens in the suburb Emmarentia

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18 March 1988                   The Huguenot Tunnel in the Du Toitskloof Mountains is opened

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Acknowledgement: Dr Andrew Kok.